road use payment information Quintuple

Bidirectional?: True

road use payment information (A-Interconnect): This CVRIA application interconnect encapsulates all of the Layer 2 information flows between two application objects: 'Vehicle Payment Service', and 'RSE Payment Support'. This application interconnect is bi-directional since the underlying layer 2 information flows carry data in both directions.

Vehicle OBE (Source Physical Object): The Vehicle On-Board Equipment (OBE) provides the vehicle-based processing, storage, and communications functions necessary to support connected vehicle operations. The radio(s) supporting V2V and V2I communications are a key component of the Vehicle OBE. This communication platform is augmented with processing and data storage capability that supports the connected vehicle applications.

In CVRIA, the Vehicle OBE includes the functions and interfaces that support connected vehicle applications for passenger cars, trucks, and motorcycles. Many of these applications (e.g., V2V Safety applications) apply to all vehicle types including personal vehicles, commercial vehicles, emergency vehicles, transit vehicles, and maintenance vehicles. From this perspective, the Vehicle OBE includes the common interfaces and functions that apply to all motorized vehicles.

Vehicle Payment Service (Source Application Object): "Vehicle Payment Service" supports vehicle payments including VMT- and zone-based payments and payments for other services including fuel/charging services. To support VMT-based payment, this application tracks the location of the vehicle at specific times and reports this VMT data along with vehicle identification. A variety of pricing strategies are supported, including strategies that include credits or incentives that reward desired driving patterns and behavior.

Roadside Equipment (Destination Physical Object): 'Roadside Equipment' (RSE) represents the Connected Vehicle roadside devices that are used to send messages to, and receive messages from, nearby vehicles using Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) or other alternative wireless communications technologies. Communications with adjacent field equipment and back office centers that monitor and control the RSE are also supported. This device operates from a fixed position and may be permanently deployed or a portable device that is located temporarily in the vicinity of a traffic incident, road construction, or a special event. It includes a processor, data storage, and communications capabilities that support secure communications with passing vehicles, other field equipment, and centers.

RSE Payment Support (Destination Application Object): "RSE Payment Support" manages vehicle payments for road use based on fee structures and payment strategies based on vehicle-reported data including VMT, emissions, vehicle class or type. Fees may vary by time or location and may include incentives or credits to reward desirable driving behavior. To support payment, it receives vehicle data (e.g., time stamped roadways used by the vehicle since the last transmission) and forwards this to the Payment Administration Center. It also receives equipment status from the vehicle and vehicle characteristics sensed from the vehicle (number of axles, weight, vehicle tag image/ID). Faults are identified and forwarded to the Payment Administration Center. Finally, it requests, receives, processes, and reports vehicle payment information.